TypeScript recipes

Sometimes TypeScript will get in your way, especially with the string-based type-checking on browse parameters. In this section we will show you some tips and tricks to get around those problems, and present you some utilities.

Unknown inputs and outputs

Let's imagine an example where you don't control what's gonna arrive in the output.fields for example. You can avoid the type error by casting with as.

// `fieldsKeys` comes from outside
const outputFields = fieldsKeys.reduce((acc, k) => {
  acc[k as keyof Post] = true;
  return acc;
}, {} as { [k in keyof Post]?: true | undefined });
const result = await api.posts.browse().fields(outputFields).fetch();

But you will lose the type-safety of the output, in Type land, Post will contains all the fields, not only the ones you selected. (In user land, the fields you selected are still gonna be parsed and the unknwown fields are gonna be ignored)

Pre-declare the output and keep Type-Safety with satisfies

If you would like to pre-declare the output, you can like so:

const outputFields = {
  slug: true,
  title: true,
} satisfies { [k in keyof Post]?: true | undefined };
let test = api.posts.browse().fields(outputFields);

In that case you will keep type-safety and the output will be of type Post with only the fields you selected.

Unknown order/filter string with as to force the type

If you don't build the order or filter string yourself, for example if that comes from a user input or FormData, then TypeScript will shout at you because the inner-types would be converted to never as the content of the string cannot be templated.

To alleviate that problem you have access to a type helper generics BrowseParams that accepts a shape of params and the corresponding resource type. Allowing you to make your query, that will be runtime checked anyway.

import type { BrowseParams, Post } from "@ts-ghost/admin-api";
const uncontrolledOrderInput = async (formData: FormData) => {
  const order = formData.get("order");
  const filter = formData.get("filter");
  const result = await api.posts
    .browse({ order, filter } as BrowseParams<{ order: string; filter: string }, Post>)